Federal laws and programs
The Government of Canada has many laws and programs dedicated to protecting human health and the natural environment from chemical risks. Its primary legal tool for assessing and managing chemical substances in the environment is the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999), jointly administered by Environment Canada and Health Canada.
A major part of CEPA 1999 is to sustainably prevent pollution and address the potentially dangerous chemical substances to which we might be exposed. See other Major federal laws covering environment and environmental health issues.
CEPA 1999 program sites and publications
The following links go to information published by key groups involved in administering CEPA 1999 (see also Risk assessment and Risk management):
Human health risk assessments
Ecological risk assessments
Risk management of chemical substances under CEPA 1999
Other programs that deal with chemical substances
In addition to CEPA 1999, there are many other federal programs and agencies involved in assessing and managing the risks from chemical substances, including:
- Consumer Product Safety
The Government of Canada protects Canadians by researching, assessing and managing the health risks and safety hazards associated with the consumer products we use everyday (source: Health Canada).
- Drugs and Health Products
The Government of Canada plays a lead role in ensuring that Canadians have access to safe and effective drugs and health products (source: Health Canada).
- Food and Nutrition
Safe food and good nutrition are important to Canadians. Maintaining the safety of Canada's food supply is a shared responsibility among all levels of government, industry and consumers (source: Health Canada).
- Pesticides and Pest Management
The Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) is the federal agency responsible for the regulation of pest control products in Canada (source: Health Canada).
- Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)
WHMIS is Canada's national standard for communicating about controlled products to which workers can be exposed in their jobs. WHMIS covers such areas as cautionary labeling, material safety data, worker education and training programs (source: Health Canada).